The history of transnational trade unionism has been analysed in terms of mutual assistance, regulating global capital, augmenting the legitimacy, prestige and power of unions and their leaders, and providing avenues for states to prosecute national interests. From the 1920s to the 1980s, international organisations of trade unionists constituted a site of struggle between the antagonistic philosophies of transnationalism and trade unionism of Communists, social democrats and liberals, the USSR and the capitalist democracies.
World War I witnessed the admission of large numbers of German soldiers with neurological symptoms for which there was no obvious organic cause. This posed a considerable challenge for the military and medical authorities and resulted in an active discussion on the etiology and treatment of these disorders.
There are different ways in which the question ‘what makes humans distinct from other species?’
can be answered. One way is to refer to the ability of humans to reason and make rational
decisions; another is to point to the capacity of humans to speak and express themselves in
symbols; or to imagine future events and be aware of their mortality; and so on. I propose to
focus here on the capacity of humans to make ethical choices and to view this as a feature of
common sense knowledge and to that extent, as a feature of the theory of social representations.
Despite Chinatown’s shady reputation, it was a tight-knit community whose residents were familiar with one another. Parents allowed their children, who were highly cherished (especially since there were so few of them due to the early lack of women and families), to roam the streets without supervision during the day. The sense of all of Chinatown as being a children’s playground was deftly captured by the photographer Arnold Genthe, who considered Chinese children to be some of his favorite subjects.
In Western countries modern psychology originated out of the convergence of philosophy and science,
embedded in the social change. Modern psychology in China did not grow out of an indigenous socio-cultural
root, but was instead imported from Western countries approximately during 1876 to 1922, when China was
being colonized and reformed. A political, social and cultural analysis explains the emergence and formation of
modern psychology in China
This article assesses the American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) during the presidency of John J. Sweeney, which lasted from 1995 until 2009. Drawing on a wide range of sources, including press accounts and the AFL-CIO’s own papers, it provides one of the first scholarly assessments of the entire Sweeney presidency.
Penfield was an early leader in efforts to map the cerebral cortex via direct electrical stimulation of the brain. In 1937, Penfield introduced an entirely new concept for illustrating the relative sizes and locations of discrete functional regions within the sensorimotor cortex–—the homunculus—to exemplify the “order and comparative extent” of specific functional regions.
Analysis of the sixty-nine juveniles tried for high treason before the People’s Court in Nazi Germany between 1933 and 1945, based on the available court records, finds that juvenile resistance in Nazi Germany possessed a distinct form and character; it was a phenomenon rather than an exceptional act.
An act to provide for the general welfare by establishing a system of Federal old-age benefits, and by enabling the several States to make more adequate provision for aged persons, blind persons, dependent and crippled children, maternal and child welfare, public health, and the administration of their unemployment compensation laws; to establish a Social Security Board; to raise revenue; and for other purposes.
In November 1944, 36 young men took up residence in the corridors and rooms of the University of Minnesota football stadium. They were not members of the football team. Rather, they were volunteers preparing for a nearly yearlong experiment on the psychological and physiological effects of starvation. Known as the Minnesota Starvation Experiment, the study was a project of the newly established Laboratory of Physiological Hygiene at the University of Minnesota, an interdisciplinary research institution with an emphasis on nutrition and human biology.