Using as a case study the scandalous marriage of a twelfth-century abbess, this article will demonstrate the flaws in Duby’s argument, and also we can learn about medieval marriage, and medieval society more broadly, by applying this new approach.
International Relations in Psychiatry Britain, Germany, and the United States to World War II
The decades around 1900 were crucial in the evolution of modern medical and social sciences, and in the formation of various national health services systems. The modern fields of psychiatry and mental health care are located at the intersection of these spheres. There emerged concepts, practices, and institutions that marked responses to challenges posed by urbanization, industrialization, and the formation of the nation-state. These psychiatric responses were locally distinctive, and yet at the same time established influential models with an international impact. In spite of rising nationalism in Europe, the intellectual, institutional, and material resources that emerged in the various local and national contexts were rapidly observed to have had an impact beyond any national boundaries. In numerous ways, innovations were adopted and refashioned for the needs and purposes of new national and local systems.
Opium: Reality’s Dark Dream
Opium is one of the most useful and complex drugs in medical history. Made from the juice of the unripe seed capsule of the opium poppy, it contains several valuable alkaloids. Three of these, morphine, codeine, and thebaine—the last when processed into semisynthetic opioids like oxycodone—have potent analgesic effects.
French Neuropsychiatry in the Great War: Between Moral Support and Electricity
Absolute divorce in Argentina, 1954–1956. Debates and practices regarding a short-lived law
The vocabulary of anglophone psychology in the context of other subjects.
Anglophone psychology shares its vocabulary with several other subjects. Some of the more obvious subjects that have parts of their vocabulary in common with Anglophone psychology include biology (e.g., dominance), chemistry (e.g., isomorphism), philosophy (e.g., phenomenology), and theology (e.g., mediator).
Worms as a Hook for Colonising Puerto Rico
Mirror Therapy for Facial Paralysis in Traditional South Asian Islamic Medicine
Making Knowledge for International Policy: WHO Europe and Mental Health Policy, 1970-2008
This paper tells a rather more complex story. Looking in detail at the efforts of the WHO European Regional Office, since the 1970s, to reform mental health policy across the region, it shows that the organisation’s main policy successes in this field were achieved, not by circulating standardised data or policies, but by creating opportunities to share holistic, experience-based and context-sensitive knowledge of instances of best practice.
A Tricky Object to Classify: Evidence, Postpartum Depression and the DSM-IV
The concept of evidence has become central in Western healthcare systems; however, few investigations have studied how the shift toward specific definitions of evidence actually occurred in practice. This paper examines a historical case in psychiatry where the debate about how to define evidence was of central importance to nosological decision making.
Ireland and the Divorce and Matrimonial Causes Act of 1857
Village Improvement and the Development of Small Town America, 1853-1893
This article presents a detailed historical account of the Laurel Hill Association in Stockbridge, MA, and an overview of the scope of improvement theory and practice at the national level between 1853 and 1893, the period of village improvement’s greatest impact on the development of small town America.
Inherited dimensions of infant mortality. Detecting signs of disproportionate mortality risks in successive generations
The State, the Unions, and the critical synthesis in labor law history: a 25-year retrospect
Public Debt in the Papal States, Sixteenth to Eighteenth Century
A long-term analysis of the organization and administration of the Roman public debt, as well as the people involved in it, reveals that the central government of the Papal States established a stable financial system earlier than traditionally supposed and that, unlike that of other European states, it often used the capital raised from bond issues for charitable and productive purposes.
Dictating the Suitable Way of Life: Mental Hygiene for Children and Workers in Socialist Mexico, 1934–1940
Globalized Hopes and Disillusions
In contrast to the common tendency to see war as the result of leadership decisions based on risk assessments, and political and economic considerations about gains or losses, we use a constructivist and institutional perspective to historicize and politicize the way “nation-state interests” and “nation-state preferences” even in a decision to go to war are socially constructed and culturally embedded.
‘Go and see Nell; She’ll put you right’: The Wisewoman and Working-Class Health Care in Early Twentieth-century Lancashire
Beyond the Schools of Psychology 1: A Digital Analysis of Psychological Review, 1894–1903
Abandoned and illegitimate, a double mortality penalty? Mortality of illegitimate infants in the foundling hospital of Madrid, La Inclusa (1890–1935)
Under the Guardians’ Supervision: Illegitimacy, Family, and the English Poor Law, 1870-1930
The cost of marriage and the matrimonial agency in late Victorian Britain
How the other half lives: Studies among the tenements of New York (Jacob Riis, 1890)
The Birth Control Clinic in a Marketplace World
Active Bodies: A History of Women’s Physical Education in Twentieth-Century America
Mind’s historicity: Its hidden history.
Whereas psychological research can hardly accept the idea of a changing psychological architecture, mind’s historicity seems to be commonplace among historians of psychology, at least in recent decades. Attempts to promote a convergence between psychology and history have always existed, though mainly in the margins of both disciplines.
The Condition of the Working Class in England
The Condition of the Working Class in England is the best known work of Engels, and still in many ways the best study of the working class in Victorian England. What Cobbett had done for agricultural poverty in his Rural Rides, Engels did – and more – in this work on the plight of industrial workers in England in the 1840s.
Doing Time On a Southern Prison Farm
History of the Discovery of the Antipsychotic Dopamine D2 Receptor: A Basis for the Dopamine Hypothesis of Schizophrenia
The 1975 publication of Seeman et al. (Proc Nat Acad Sci, USA), reporting the discovery of the antipsychotic receptor in the brain, is a classic example of translational medicine research. In searching for a pathophysiological mechanism of psychosis, the team sought to identify sites that bound the antipsychotic drug haloperidol….The collective work is generally viewed as providing a fundamental basis for the dopamine hypothesis of schizophrenia.
Abraham Flexner: “Is social work a profession in the technical and strict sense of the term?” 1915
Organizing for partnership: the influence of the American Federation of Labor – Congress of Industrial Organisations on the British Trades Union Congress 1995–2005
Scholars typically distinguish between adversarial organizing and collaborative partnership with employers as competing roads to union revitalization. This article demonstrates that the British Trades Union Congress (TUC) borrowed organizing principles, techniques and animating aphorisms from America, but not a model of trade unionism.
Runaway Mothers and Daughters: Crimes of Abandonment in Twentieth-century Guatemala
As evidenced by laws addressing abandonment of the home and children, family preservation was paramount for early twentieth-century Latin American nation builders. The judicial record of abandonment cases from Guatemala demonstrates how men attempted to enforce their authority in the home and then enlisted state officials to uphold it when their wives or daughters defied them.
The select committee, appointed on the subject of the poor laws, respectfully report [Albany, 1823]
New Westminister (British Columbia) Mental Hospital and Penitentiary (1870)
Commercialized prostitution in New York City (1916)
The defender devoted to the protection of American labor and industries
The Roots of Insurrection: The Role of the Algerian Village Assembly (Djemâa) in Peasant Resistance, 1863–1962
While Pierre Bourdieu and other scholars have emphasized the devastating impacts that economic individualism had on peasant communalism, this study employs the djemâa as a case study of a “traditional” institution that proved flexible and enduring as rural society confronted settler land appropriations and a savage war of decolonization.
Indian Labor History
Ethnogenesis: The Case of British Indians in the Caribbean
As a concept, ethnogenesis presupposes a category of individuals that are not a group becomes a group. Most accounts of ethnogenesis exhibit two features: they confuse ethnogenesis with the resilience of ethnicity, and they describe the “emergence” of ethnic groups as a response to external circumstances.
State of New Jersey. An act for the better relief and employment of the poor of the county of Salem [1846?]
Minutes of 1931 meeting of the directors of university councils and research institutes, under the auspices of the international relations section of the Social Sciences Research Council
‘Paralysed with fears and worries’: neurasthenia as a gender-specific disease of civilization
Rules and regulations for the “Yamacraw intemperance society.”
The Promise and Challenges of Global Labor History
Dispositions and Destinations: Refugee Agency and “Mobility Capital” in the Bengal Diaspora, 1947–2007
The politics of participation: Francis Galton’s Anthropometric Laboratory and the making of civic selves
Charles Mackay: The fall and rise of New Zealand’s first ‘homosexual’
Civil Rights Movement and the Black experience in Miami
The Civil Rights Movement and the Black experience in Miami reverberates with both strife and triumph. In Miami, as with other cities across the United States, cultural clashes between ethnicities contributed significantly to civil unrest and racial tension. Champions of equality whose lives and hearts were committed to making Miami a place of peace and understanding between races evolved out of a deeply segregated, yet shared environment.
Centennial Series: The Adoption and Safe Families Act
The growing population of children in foster care that began in the mid-1980s continued through the early 1990s due to rising rates of family poverty, teen pregnancy, substance abuse disorders, and the AIDS epidemic. Child welfare caseloads increased and more children seemed to linger in foster care. Mounting concerns about improving children’s safety, coupled with the Clinton administration’s strong interest in protecting well-being, ushered in a new era in the Children’s Bureau. Increased collaboration and achieving timely permanency for the nation’s waiting children became strong focuses for the Bureau and the administration, yielding the Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997.