The NRCOI’s Guide for Developing and Implementing Child Welfare Practice Models offers an overall framework for developing, implementing, and/or strengthening a child welfare practice model; cites specific examples from the field; and provides additional information to help child welfare agencies and their partners make informed choices in selecting their approaches to this important work. It provides guidance on developing a practice model, and details steps to take through each stage of implementation, including a discussion of fourteen specific implementation drivers. The Guide includes worksheets to help agencies articulate practice model principles, identify frontline practice skills, and assess readiness, and lists resources for ongoing support.

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Social Work and Postdoctoral Experience

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The future of academic psychiatry may be social [EDITORIALS]

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The aftermath of the general financial crisis for the ownership society: what happened to low-income homeowners in the US?

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Explicating race privilege: examining symbolic barriers to Aboriginal and non-indigenous partnership

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Translating Basic Emotion Research Into Novel Psychosocial Interventions for Anhedonia

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Differences in children’s outcomes have been shown to emerge early in life, and to be linked to both family circumstances, such as social disadvantage, and parenting behaviours, such as parenting style and activities with the child. Both these aspects of a child’s environment
are important for their early cognitive and emotional development. But it is not clear whether these early differences, and the factors associated with them, persist up to age 7

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hx of the family

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Specific Pain Complaints in Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans Screening Positive for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder – Corrected Proof

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Hepatitis C treatment access and uptake for people who inject drugs: a review mapping the role of social factors

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Inquiry Into Terminal Decline: Five Objectives for Future Study

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dsteenpregnancy_graphCDC

Posted in Infographics on 07/04/2013 | Link to this post on IFP

ANNOTATION: “What Is the Evidence? Evidence-based policy and practice is focused on reducing offender risk, which in turn reduces new crime and improves public safety. Of the many available approaches to community supervision, a few core principles stand out as proven risk reduction strategies. Though not all of the principles are supported by the same weight of evidence, each has been proven to influence positive behavior change. To organize the research, these core principles have been compiled… into the 8 Principles of evidence-based practice in corrections. This bibliography is not a complete list of “EBP” citations, but a mere selection based on questions we receive at the Information Center. They are organized according to: Introduction; In the Beginning; Principles 1 and 3. Assess Risk and Needs and Target Interventions–Risk, Need, Responsivity (RNR), and Dosage; Principle 2. Enhance Motivation to Change; Principle 4. Skill Training with Directed Practice (CBT); Principle 5. Increase Positive Reinforcement (See Incentives and Sanctions/Contingency Management); Principle 6. Engage Ongoing Community Support; Principles 7 & 8. Measure Relevant Processes and Practices and Measurement Feedback; Blueprints Programs; Caseload Size; Evaluated Programs, including Core Correctional Practices (CCP); Incentives and Sanctions/Contingency Management; Juveniles; Pretrial Services; Prisons; Sex Offenders; Specialized Assessment; Specialty Courts; Supervision by Risk Level; Women Offenders; Training Materials/Presentations; Websites; and Agency Reports.

Posted in Grey Literature on 07/04/2013 | Link to this post on IFP

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Psychologists’ perspectives on the diagnostic classification of mental disorders: Results from the WHO-IUPsyS Global Survey

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Practicing Positive CBT: From Reducing Distress to Building Success

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School-based programmes for preventing smoking

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Psychometric properties of a French version of a Dutch scale for assessing breast and body image (BBIS) in healthy women

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The ethical-political project of social work in Brazil

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The ACA and preventive health care services for people with disabilities

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Guided by a developmental epidemiology framework, this study examines the extent to which first experiences of child maltreatment and use of emergency housing are predictive of out-of-home placement in early childhood. The study sample is a population of 12,045 second grade students in a large, urban school district. Information on birth, maternal, and social risk factors was obtained and linked through an integrated data system. Life table analyses were used to develop a descriptive picture of the timing of first out-of-home placement experience. Findings demonstrate that children are most likely to experience a first out-of-home placement during their first year of life.

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UW-Madison School of Social Work

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Baseline characteristics of European and non-European adult patients with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder participating in a placebo-controlled, randomized treatment study with atomoxetine

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This web-based brochure, also recently updated by 2012 CONA, translates the wealth of empirical evidence in the research literature into practical steps to assist young, middle-aged and older individuals plan for the variety of challenges that often arise as we age.

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Dominant Heterosexual Sexual Scripts in Emerging Adulthood: Conceptualization and Measurement

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The Young Person’s Guide to the Children and Families Bill

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Level of physical activity among children and adolescents in Europe: a review of physical activity assessed objectively by accelerometry

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Adolescence Lost: The Realities of Child Marriage

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Abstract: The Children’s Stability and Well-being (CSAW) study from PolicyLab at The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia sought to understand the educational experiences of children in child welfare. Over a two-year period, researchers followed a cohort of children ages 5-8 years who entered a foster care placement in Philadelphia between 2006 and 2008. Researchers also conducted focus groups with professionals in both the education and child welfare systems. This brief details key findings from the study and highlights three opportunities for action as system leaders work to improve education outcomes forchildren affected by educational instability.

Posted in Grey Literature on 07/04/2013 | Link to this post on IFP

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Evidence of Attachment Disorganization and Growth in One Mother’s Descriptions of Her Son: A Case Study

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Social Mobility Over Three Generations in Finland: A Critique

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SMART MOVE – a smartphone-based intervention to promote physical activity in primary care: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Posted in Open Access Journal Articles on 07/04/2013 | Link to this post on IFP

The author discusses sources for, problems in, and ways of forming a hierarchical model
of the development of whole affective behavioral complexes, not just mechanisms of
emotional regulation, as was done in the original level-based model elaborated by Victor
Lebedinsky. The author describes specific traits of affective behavioral complexes and
types of links between them on different levels. Primitive affective behavioral complexes, either isolated or rigidly linked, dominate on the lower three levels. On the fourth level attachment behavior plays a “star” role, mediating and regulating all vital behaviors. On the fifth level symbolic activity permanently rebuilds the experience obtained on the lower levels. The author discusses links between affective behavioral complexes and nuclear personality formations.
Keywords: development, affective behavioral complexes, regulation, attachment, symbolic
activity

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Ofsted
This report evaluates the effectiveness of independent reviewing officers in discharging their responsibilities towards looked after children. Inspectors visited a sample of 10 local authority areas. The report draws on evidence from 111 cases, the views of children and young people, carers, and professionals from the local authorities and from partner agencies.

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Towards a Social Model of End-of-Life Care

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What are the Effects of Direct Public Transfers on Social Solidarity? A Systematic Review

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Frameworks and guidelines for research—Three examples

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Earlier this year, guidelines from three respected US professional societies advised doctors to give alteplase to patients with acute stroke. The recommendation was based on what the guidelines’ authors considered grade A evidence.

Posted in Open Access Journal Articles on 07/03/2013 | Link to this post on IFP

Although efforts to control the heterosexual human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic in Thailand had shown success by the late 1990s (1), HIV continued to spread in other risk groups, including men who have sex with men (MSM). In 2003, the Thailand Ministry of Public Health–U.S. CDC Collaboration (TUC) started surveillance among MSM in Bangkok, finding an HIV prevalence of 17.3% (2). By 2005, HIV prevalence in this group had risen to 28.3% and has since stabilized at around 30% (2,3). To obtain additional information about HIV and sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevalence and incidence in a clinic-based population of MSM, TUC, in collaboration with the Thai Red Cross AIDS Research Center, analyzed data collected at the Silom Community Clinic (SCC), an HIV and STI testing center targeting MSM. This report describes trends in HIV and syphilis prevalence and incidence seen among SCC MSM clients during 2005–2011. At first clinic visit, the prevalence of HIV infection among 4,762 clients was 28.3% and of syphilis (all stages) was 9.8%. Among those returning for HIV or syphilis testing before the end of 2011, the incidence of HIV infection was 6.3 per 100 person-years (PY) and 3.6 per 100 PY for syphilis. These results show ongoing epidemics of HIV and syphilis infection in MSM in Bangkok, underscoring the urgent need for preventive interventions to reduce the spread of HIV and STI in this population.

Posted in Open Access Journal Articles on 07/03/2013 | Link to this post on IFP

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Corporate report: The Prime Minister’s Challenge on Dementia: Annual report of progress

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Efforts to maintain a ‘just great’ story: Lesbian parents’ talk about encounters with professionals in fertility clinics and maternal and child healthcare services

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Research and analysis: Speaking from experience: the views of the first cohort of trainees of Step Up to Social Work

Posted in Grey Literature Tagged , , , , , , , , , , on 07/03/2013 | Link to this post on IFP

This contribution is a response to Bjørkelo and Madsen’s article on the role of whistleblowers in neoliberalism. It engages with some of the questions that they raise with regard to the changing nature of whistleblowing acts in a neoliberal context by looking at competition policy as a case example.

Posted in Open Access Journal Articles on 07/03/2013 | Link to this post on IFP

Political and economic ideologies have seldom been explored in the whistleblowing literature. This paper presents ways in which neoliberalism can influence the act of whistleblowing, and discusses how neoliberalism can revive the classic conflict between moral behavior and economic profitability that comes to the surface in whistleblowing behaviour.

Posted in Open Access Journal Articles on 07/03/2013 | Link to this post on IFP

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The Time of Our Lives: Recognizing the Contributions of Mannheim, Neugarten, and Riley to the Study of Aging

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Recent high profile cases have once again put child protection services under close scrutiny. The exposure of systematic safeguarding failures in Oxford, Rochdale and Edlington have raised questions about the extent to which services are putting children’s experiences and voices at the heart of the child protection process. In Rochdale, a high-profile case uncovering a child sexual exploitation ring revealed that, despite victims disclosing acts of child sexual exploitation to professionals,
‘overall child welfare organisations missed opportunities to provide a
comprehensive, co-ordinated and timely response. Victims expressed frustration with the response from social services and the police, describing them as ‘not listening to them.

Posted in Grey Literature on 07/03/2013 | Link to this post on IFP

To provide evidence-based recommendations on three topics related to food and nutrition for older adults promoting health and wellness

Specific Objectives

To define evidence-based nutrition recommendations for registered dietitians (RDs) that are carried out in collaboration with other healthcare providers
To guide practice decisions that integrate medical, nutritional and behavioral strategies
To reduce variations in practice among RDs
To provide the RD with data to make recommendations to adjust medical nutrition therapy (MNT) or recommend other therapies to achieve desired outcomes
To develop guidelines for interventions that have measurable clinical outcomes
To define the highest quality of care within cost constraints of the current healthcare environment

Posted in Guidelines Plus on 07/03/2013 | Link to this post on IFP

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Intangible assets, absorbing knowledge and its impact on firm performance: theory, measurement and policy implications

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Goal-oriented cognitive rehabilitation in early-stage dementia: study protocol for a multi-centre single-blind randomised controlled trial (GREAT)

Posted in Open Access Journal Articles on 07/03/2013 | Link to this post on IFP

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Rethinking placebo in psychiatry: how and why placebo effects occur [Articles]

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Assessing the Validity and Reliability of the Perceptions of the Consent to Sex Scale

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Perceptions of hospitalization for children shifted from late nineteenth-century care designed to uplift poor children and create better citizens to mid-century attention to children’s emotional and medical needs.

Posted in History Tagged , , , , , , , , , on 07/03/2013 | Link to this post on IFP

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Music as a therapy: Role in psychiatry

Posted in Journal Article Abstracts Tagged , , , , , , , , , , on 07/03/2013 | Link to this post on IFP

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Perceived Family Functioning and Depression in Bereaved Parents in China After the 2008 Sichuan Earthquake – Corrected Proof

Posted in Journal Article Abstracts Tagged , , , , , , , , , on 07/03/2013 | Link to this post on IFP

This report provides findings from a survey of families who were using children’s centres (officially called Sure Start Children’s Centres) when their child was 9-18 months of age. It is part of a larger
evaluation of children’s centres in England.

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USGOVHHS

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Increasing Access to Evidence-Based Practices and Knowledge and Attitudes: A Pilot Study

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The Practice of Moral Action: A Balancing Act for Social Workers

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Where’s the evidence?

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This research provides an in-depth understanding of issues facing migrant sex workers in New Zealand, with a particular focus on occupational health and safety, and sexual reproductive health.
It was intended that the research would provide an evidence base from which NZPC could develop and provide migrant-relevant advocacy and services. Specific research objectives include:
1. understand the New Zealand sex work context in which migrants are working
2. identify the specific needs of migrant sex workers with regards to: occupational health and safety needs; sexual and reproductive needs; and any other needs that may contribute to the general health of migrant sex workers
3. identify barriers and facilitators to migrant sex workers’ receipt of appropriate services and/or required assistance.

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Over ‘Sexed’ Regulation and the Disregarded Worker: An Overview of the Impact of Sexual Entertainment Policy on Lap-Dancing Club Workers

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Training to recognise the early signs of recurrence in schizophrenia

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The Tri-Sector Environment of Social Work Administration: Applying Theoretical Orientations

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Sexual assault resistance education for university women: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial (SARE trial)

Posted in Open Access Journal Articles Tagged , , , , , , , , on 07/03/2013 | Link to this post on IFP
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Enabling pathways to health equity: developing a framework for implementing social capital in practice

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The Otherness of social work under neoliberal governance

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Results
There was only a small association between number of therapy sessions and effect size, and this association was no longer significant when the analysis adjusted for other characteristics of the studies. The multivariable analyses also found no significant association with the total contact time or duration of the therapy. However, there was a strong association between number of sessions per week and effect size. An increase from one to two sessions per week increased the effect size with g=0.45, while keeping the total number of treatment sessions constant.

Discussion
More research is needed to establish the robustness of this finding. Based on these findings, it may be advisable to concentrate psychotherapy sessions within a brief time frame.

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Sexual Compulsivity Scale: Adaptation and Validation in the Spanish Population

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Cost-effectiveness of adherence therapy versus health education for people with schizophrenia: randomised controlled trial in four European countries

Posted in Open Access Journal Articles on 07/03/2013 | Link to this post on IFP

The Care Bill was introduced into Parliament on 9 May 2013, and published on 10 May 2013. Factsheets have been produced to accompany the Bill.

Posted in Guidelines Plus on 07/03/2013 | Link to this post on IFP

This study uses a social capital and collective socialization lens to examine nonacademic factors in middle school that predict students’ failure to complete high school, and focuses on youth who engage in adolescent problem behaviors of smoking cigarettes, sexual intercourse, delinquency, marijuana use, and alcohol use. Our area of interest was the extent to which these variables were predictive of dropping out of high school measured 6 years later and beyond the traditional variables of school performance and school engagement, which are the target of many dropout prevention programs. Analyses use data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health to follow a nationally representative sample of children from middle school through the end of the high-school years. Results indicate that engaging in regular smoking and sexual activity during middle-school years predict high-school dropout independent of school performance during middle school. Acts of delinquency during middle school in the context of poverty (i.e., mothers’ receipt of welfare was proxy for poverty) are also predictive of high-school dropout. These findings suggest the importance of factors that reach beyond school performance and school engagement as possible targets for dropout prevention programs.

Posted in Open Access Journal Articles on 07/03/2013 | Link to this post on IFP

The 1989 House of Commons unanimously passed a motion to eliminate child poverty by 2000. 13 years after the target date between 500,000 and 1 million children in Canada continue to grow up in households that are struggling economically (Statistics Canada, CANSIM table 202-0802). In this brief we describe the measures of low-income used in Canada for families and children. Further, we provide the most recent data on low income rates in Canada and across provinces. We then summarize key findings from longitudinal studies about how child poverty affects later life outcomes. The information sheet concludes with a review of the research on poverty and maltreatment.

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Swansea Uni

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Lessons Learned From Research With Adolescents With Schizophrenia and Their Families – Corrected Proof

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Abstract: Each state has a standard rate for foster care providers in family settings. But not all children in family foster homes receive this rate, and in some states few children do. To provide readers with a more accurate understanding of family foster care reimbursement rates and practices nationwide, this report summarizes key findings from a national survey about states’ family foster care rates and provider classifications.

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Nordic couples’ decision-making processes during assisted reproduction treatments

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From Ethnic Capital to Ethnic Educational Inequality: How Family and Co-Ethnic Neighbourhood Resources Affect Second-Generation Attainment in Belgium

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Social work and the struggle for social justice in Ireland

Posted in Journal Article Abstracts Tagged , , , , , , , , on 07/03/2013 | Link to this post on IFP

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Family burden of schizophrenic patients and the welfare system; the case of Cyprus

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How will reforms to the NHS in England affect mental health services?

Posted in Journal Article Abstracts Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , on 07/03/2013 | Link to this post on IFP

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Reflections of a Higher Specialist PQ Student Group on the Munro Recommendations for Children’s Social Workers

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This report evaluates the strengths and weaknesses of personal, social, health and economic (PSHE) education in primary and secondary schools in England. It is based on evidence from inspections of PSHE education carried out between January 2012 and July 2012 in 50 maintained schools and on evidence from an online survey of 178 young people conducted on behalf of Ofsted between October and November 2012.

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Changing Landscapes of Heteronormativity: The Regulation and Normalization of Same-Sex Sexualities in Europe

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Guidance: Integrated Care: Our Shared Commitment

Posted in Guidelines Plus Tagged , , , , , , , , , on 07/03/2013 | Link to this post on IFP

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Antipsychotic drugs in cocaine dependence: A systematic review and meta-analysis

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Evaluating social and affordable housing reform in Australia: lessons to be learned from history

Posted in Journal Article Abstracts Tagged on 07/02/2013 | Link to this post on IFP

Results 48 randomised controlled trials (6674 participants, 15 comparisons) were included. Lithium was more effective than placebo in reducing the number of suicides (odds ratio 0.13, 95% confidence interval 0.03 to 0.66) and deaths from any cause (0.38, 0.15 to 0.95). No clear benefits were observed for lithium compared with placebo in preventing deliberate self harm (0.60, 0.27 to 1.32). In unipolar depression, lithium was associated with a reduced risk of suicide (0.36, 0.13 to 0.98) and also the number of total deaths (0.13, 0.02 to 0.76) compared with placebo. When lithium was compared with each active individual treatment a statistically significant difference was found only with carbamazepine for deliberate self harm. Lithium tended to be generally better than the other active comparators, with small statistical variation between the results.

Conclusions Lithium is an effective treatment for reducing the risk of suicide in people with mood disorders. Lithium may exert its antisuicidal effects by reducing relapse of mood disorder, but additional mechanisms should also be considered because there is some evidence that lithium decreases aggression and possibly impulsivity, which might be another mechanism mediating the antisuicidal effect.

Posted in Meta-analyses - Systematic Reviews on 07/02/2013 | Link to this post on IFP

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Individual and Group-Based Parenting Programmes for Improving Psychosocial Outcomes for Indigenous Parents and their Children: A Systematic Review

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Old Vices, New Technology: Chinese People Accessing Pornography

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The application of motivational interviewing techniques for engaging ‘resistant’ families: resource guide for workers in intensive home-based family support programs

Posted in Guidelines Plus Tagged , , , , , , , , , , on 07/02/2013 | Link to this post on IFP

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Relationships between Psycho-Social Issues and Physical Symptoms of Hong Kong Chinese Palliative Care Patients: Insights into Social Workers’ Role in Symptoms Management

Posted in Journal Article Abstracts Tagged , , , , , , , on 07/02/2013 | Link to this post on IFP

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Crisis, austerity and the future(s) of social work in the UK

Posted in Journal Article Abstracts Tagged , , , , , , , , on 07/02/2013 | Link to this post on IFP

Effective tax rates (ETR) differ from statutory tax rates in that they attempt to measure taxes paid as a proportion of economic income, while statutory rates indicate the amount of tax liability (before any credits) relative to taxable income, which is defined by tax law and reflects tax benefits and subsidies built into the law. Lacking access to detailed data from tax returns, most researchers have estimated ETRs based on data from financial statements. A common measure of tax liability used in past estimates has been the current tax expense–either federal only or worldwide (which comprises federal, foreign, and U.S. state and local income taxes). The most common measure of income for these estimates has been some variant of pretax net book income. GAO was able to compare book tax expenses to tax liabilities actually reported on corporate income tax returns.

Posted in Grey Literature on 07/02/2013 | Link to this post on IFP

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A narrative review of factors influencing detection and treatment of depression in Vietnam

Posted in Open Access Journal Articles Tagged , , , , , , , , , , on 07/02/2013 | Link to this post on IFP

The Administration for Children and Families’ Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation released the final report on Wave 2 of the second National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being (NSCAW II). NSCAW II is a longitudinal study that examines the functioning, service needs, and service use of children who come in contact with the child welfare system.

Researchers for NSCAW II collected data between March 2008 and September 2009 on a sample of 5,873 children ranging in age from birth to 17.5 years. Interviews were conducted with children, caregivers, and child protective services investigators. Wave 2 is a follow-up with these children and families after 18 months when the cohort ranged in age from 16 months to 19 years old. Wave 2 data were collected between October 2009 and January 2011. While Wave 1 included interviews with investigative workers for each child in the sample, Wave 2 included interviews with service workers.

Posted in Grey Literature Tagged , , , , , , , on 07/02/2013 | Link to this post on IFP