In historical research, stem family arrangements are regarded as a classic context for the exertion of paternal power and authority. Inheritance practice has hitherto been considered a crucial basis for stem family households, but this paper emphasizes the significance of marital property law, as an instrument for further reinforcing paternal authority by means of patrilineal logics and the vertical orientation derived from these.
At the American Civil War’s end, President Andrew Johnson affirmed the federal government’s commitment to disabled veterans, intoning that ‘a grateful people will not hesitate to sanction any measures having for their relief of soldiers mutilated . . . in the effort to preserve our national existence’ (p. 2).
This interdisciplinary article explores the early history of heliotherapy (natural sunlight therapy) on the Côte d’Azur through its visual culture. It concentrates on images, and the texts within which they appear, of children undergoing heliotherapy dating to the First World War, as a way into examining the significance of the cure during a period of perceived national degeneration.
RD Laing, the radical psychiatrist opened a centre in London in 1965 that aimed to revolutionise the treatment of mental illness. Kingsley Hall soon became notorious for drugs, wild parties, therapy and mystics. Almost five decades on, photographer Dominic Harris has tracked down former residents, visited them, photographed them and interviewed them. The result is a self-published photography book, The Residents, which includes Harris’s intimate portraits, as well as personal testimonies of those who were there.
In The Demographics of Empire, Dennis Cordell suggests that postmodern and postcolonial theories have led the study of African historical demography, on decline in the 1990s, into a period of renaissance. He argues that scholars are “responding to and profiting from the challenges presented by these theoretical perspectives” that have cast doubt on demographic studies of the African past.
When President Roosevelt submitted his Social Security proposal to Congress in January 1935, he also transmitted draft legislation, entitled the Economic Security Bill. The Administration’s bill was introduced in the House by Congressmen Doughton and Lewis and in the Senate by Senator Wagner. This draft bill was the starting point for the legislative consideration of Social Security in 1935.
In the last quarter of the 1930s, Carney Landis, an associate professor of psychology at Columbia University affiliated with the Psychiatric Institute of New York, headed a Committee for Research in Problems of Sex-funded research project in which he conducted interviews with 100 women between the ages of 18 and 35 who self-identified as physically disabled.
By Albert J. Kennedy
(from a speech Mr. Kennedy made in 1953 for the National Conference of Social Work. Mr. Kennedy was born in 1879 and was a chronicler of the settlement movement in the United States for which he compiled the 1911 Handbook of Settlements. He died in 1968 at the age of 89.)
Until the start of the twentieth century, the occupational structure of Jews in Amsterdam can be described as an ethnic-enclave economy, heavily concentrated in the trading and diamond industries. By 1941, however, Jews had taken advantage of other occupational opportunities, increasing their presence significantly within the new middle class that had begun to emerge during the Industrial Revolution.
This article seeks to map out some of the principal pathways to medical care used by the parents of poor children. We focus on the most formal provider of healthcare in eighteenth-century towns, the voluntary general hospitals, but we use these institutions as a prism to consider the way that the treatment of child sickness was managed more generally in five local settings.
This essay analyzes right-wing activism in Maine’s law enforcement community in relation to the state’s prisoners’ rights movement during the early 1970s. Viewing violent political repression as central to the decline of the radical prisoners’ rights organization, Statewide Correctional Alliance for Reform (SCAR), I argue that vigilante activity and police attacks on prison activists, including Portland Police Officer Edward Foster’s botched attempt to organize a police “death squad” to assassinate local ex-convicts during the summer of 1974, should be understood as the work of a right-wing social movement in 1970s Maine that included activist prison guards, police officers, law enforcement officials, and their supporters.
Koro is a syndrome in which the penis (or sometimes the nipples or vulva) is retracting, with deleterious effects for the sufferer. In modern psychiatry, it is considered a culture-bound syndrome (CBS). This paper considers the formation and development of psychiatric conceptions of koro and related genital retraction syndromes from the 1890s to the present.