Potent antiretroviral drugs (ART) have changed the nature of AIDS, a once deadly disease, into a manageable illness and offer the promise of reducing the spread of HIV. But the pandemic continues to expand and cause significant morbidity and devastation to families and nations as ART cannot be distributed worldwide to all who need the drugs to treat their infections, prevent HIV transmission, or serve as prophylaxis.
By focusing on a wide range of topics such as urban utopias, tango lyrics, literature, physical education, and female clothing, alongside the emergence of a culture of hygiene, Armus asserts, ‘my intent is to show how the disease deeply affected and was affected by multiple spheres of life in modern Buenos Aires’
Most students enter introductory or abnormal psychology courses with a naively realist concept of what constitutes mental illness, and most textbooks do little to complicate this understanding. The tendency to reify the various diagnostic categories of the mental health disciplines into stable and independent illnesses is ever present.
The cinematographic skills of Wright and director Michael Hankinson, together with their reformist agenda, created a clinical presentation that emphasized achievements without acknowledging the limitations not only of the therapies offered by doctors but also the resources available to a nation at war.
Acknowledging the power of the id-drives, Freud held on to the authority of reason as the ego’s best tool to control instinctual desire. He thereby placed analytic reason at the foundation of his own ambivalent social theory, which, on the one hand, held utopian promise based upon psychoanalytic insight, and, on the other hand, despaired of reason’s capacity to control the self-destructive elements of the psyche.
The paper tries to examine the intensity and possible influencing factors of remarriages in two distant communities of historic Hungary during the 19th century. It uses longitudinal data gained from parish registers and family reconstitution method and event history models for the analysis of remarriage.
In the mid-1970s, indoor sex workers were pushed outdoors onto the streets of Vancouver’s emergent gay West End, where a small stroll had operated for several years. While some gay activists contemplated solidarity with diversely gendered and racialized sex workers, others galvanized a campaign, alongside business owners, realtors, police, city councillors, and politicians to expel prostitution from their largely white, middle-class enclave.
We introduce the history of behavior analysis in Brazil at the beginning of the 1960s. The behavior analysis laboratory was selected as the focus of this investigation. The time frame of our historical account begins with the visit of Fred Keller to Brazil as a visiting professor at the Universidade de São Paulo.
The analysis of welfare state change is bedevilled by controversy about how to define and measure change, and about the role of expenditure data in quantifying change. Using social security in Ireland as an illustration, this article shows that national-level expenditure data, properly decomposed and disaggregated, can identify patterns of change that are masked in highly aggregated, comparative data.
Popular media depictions of intervention and associated confrontational therapies often implicitly reference—and sometimes explicitly present—dated and discredited therapeutic practices. Furthermore, rather than reenacting these practices, contemporary televised interventions revive them. Drawing on a range of literature in family history, psychology, and media studies that covers the course of the last 3 decades, this paper argues that competing discourses about the nuclear family enabled this revival.
Since the late nineteenth century, job seeking has become increasingly linked to organizations and facilities that offer information on vacancies, offer placement services, or undertake recruiting. The present article focuses on how job placement became a concern for the emerging European welfare states, and how state-run systems of labour intermediation were established between 1880 and 1940.
Historical and literary studies have identified shifts in paternal power in Britain from authoritative and patriarchal to benign and affectionate during the long eighteenth century. This article re-examines the power of fathers through the prism of paternal indulgence with insights gained from histories of masculinities.
This unusually bold and thought-provoking book offers a new interpretation of the course of English history. While it focuses on the period from the twelfth century to the seventeenth, and especially on the later middle ages of c.1300-c.1550, its story of the “commoning” of the English political system—the rise of the common people and their concerns to the centre of politics—has very wide resonances, extending to the industrial revolution, the British Empire and beyond.
The life of James is reviewed and previously-proposed diagnoses are considered. James’s medical history is
discussed in detail and, where possible, examined with validated symptom scales. Using an online database
of neurological diseases, the authors show that James’s symptomatology is compatible with a diagnosis of
Attenuated (mild) Lesch-Nyhan disease; no evidence was found to support a diagnosis of acute porphyria.
In addition, there is evidence of associated Asperger traits which may explain some of the King’s unusual
behavioural and psycho-social features.
Murphy, the daughter of noted architect Luther R. Bailey, grew up in Portland, Ore. and attended Reed College. She later made her way to the Bay Area, where she became a social worker and married Joe Murphy, a labor activist and organizer for the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW, or “Wobblies”).
Psychologist Catharine Cox Miles (1890–1984) is often remembered as the junior author, with Lewis Terman, of Sex and Personality. Written with support from the Committee for Research on the Problems of Sex (CRPS), Sex and Personality introduced the “masculinity-femininity” personality measure to psychology in 1936. Miles has been overlooked by some historians and constructed as a silent, indirect feminist by others.