This investigation examined links between three related personality styles as assessed with the Relationship Profile Test—destructive overdependence, dysfunctional detachment, and healthy dependency—and indices of health and health-related behavior in a mixed-sex (74% female) sample of 100 primary care patients with a mean age of 38.62 (SD = 12.99). Fourteen primary care physicians also participated. As hypothesized, destructive overdependence and dysfunctional detachment scores were positively correlated with number of contacts with the emergency department; healthy dependency scores were inversely related to emergency department contacts and number of overnight hospitalizations. Healthy dependency scores were associated with an array of positive health behaviors; destructive overdependence scores were negatively associated with positive health behaviors. In addition, healthy dependency scores were inversely related to physician ratings of a difficult doctor-patient relationship. These results demonstrate that destructive overdependence, dysfunctional detachment and healthy dependency scores are associated in expected ways with indices of health and health-related behavior, and help illuminate the underlying factors that contribute to comparatively poor health and variations in health service use among overdependent and detached medical patients.