The scarcity of concrete data between loneliness and frailty was found and to fill this gap, the present study aimed to examine the relationship between frailty and loneliness in elderly individuals. The study was conducted to determine the relationship between loneliness and frailty in individuals aged 65 and over.
The study had a cross-sectional descriptive correlational design. The study group consisted of 527 volunteers aged 65 and over who applied to six family health centres between 15.03.2019 and 15.05.2019 and met the inclusion criteria. The Information Form, Tilburg Frailty Indicator (TFI), and Loneliness Scale for the Elderly (LSE) were used to collect the study data.
It was found that the mean age of individuals with frailty (69.67 ± 4.38) was found to be higher at a statistically significant level than those without frailty (67.83 ± 3.07) (t = −5.390; P = 0.001). It was found that a total of 89.1% of those who stated they had a serious disease (χ2 = 69.688, P < 0.001) and 68.9% (χ2 = 24.315, P < 0.001) of those who had a serious disease in a loved one were statistically frail. The mean total score obtained in the LSE was 12.702 ± 5.76 and it was statistically significant at a high level (t = −12.225, P < 0.001) There was a statistically significant relationship between the TFI and its subscales, and the LSE and subscale scores of the individuals who participated in the study.
A positive and significant relationship was detected between all subscales of loneliness and frailty; therefore, it can be argued that the negativity in one negatively affects the other. According to these results, it can be recommended to conduct screening and intervention programs to prevent frailty and loneliness in individuals aged 65 and over and prioritise the risk factors that were found in the present study.