To explore the predictive effects of illness perceptions on vision-related quality of life (VRQoL) in Chinese glaucoma patients.
In this cross-sectional study, 97 patients with glaucoma completed the brief illness perception questionnaire (BIPQ), the glaucoma quality of life-15 (GQL-15) questionnaire, and a questionnaire regarding sociodemographic and clinical information. A correlation analysis and hierarchical linear regression analysis were performed.
The BIPQ total score was positively correlated with the total score of the GQL-15 questionnaire and the scores of its four dimensions. Chronic comorbidities, the type of glaucoma, the best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), the mean defect (MD) of visual field in the better eye, and identity in the BIPQ were critical predictors of VRQoL. Illness perceptions independently accounted for 7.8% of the variance in the VRQoL of glaucoma patients.
Patients with stronger illness perceptions and those who perceive themselves as having more glaucoma symptoms are likely to experience worse VRQoL. Illness perceptions in glaucoma patients deserve clinical attention, and further studies are needed to examine whether cognitive interventions targeting illness perceptions can improve VRQoL.