Incremental rehearsal (IR) has consistently been shown to improve students’ math fact retention and fluency (Maki et al., Journal of Behavioral Education 30:534–558, 2021). However, less is known about how intervention modifications may support longer-term skill maintenance. The purpose of this study was to compare traditional IR with a modified IR (shuffle IR; ShIR) in which known multiplication facts were shuffled between sequences using a cumulative acquisition design with six fourth- and fifth-grade students. All participants retained and maintained more facts in IR and ShIR compared to a control condition. However, IR or ShIR did not consistently result in greater retention than the other, with three students demonstrating greater retention in the IR condition and three students demonstrating greater retention in the ShIR condition. Most participants demonstrated greater fact maintenance in the ShIR condition than in the IR condition. All participants made fewer intervention session errors in the condition in which they retained more multiplication facts.