Reinfection and partner transmission are common with Neisseria gonorrhoeae (GC) and Chlamydia trachomatis (CT). We assessed treatment and follow-up laboratory testing for GC and CT and evaluated associations with patient- and system-level factors.
The analysis included positive GC and/or CT nucleic acid amplification test results from patients aged 14 to 24 years at a federally qualified health center system site in Denver, CO, from January 2018 to December 2019. Outcomes assessed include treatment within 14 days, HIV/syphilis testing within 6 months, and repeat GC and CT testing within 2 to 6 months. Bivariate and multivariable regression modeling assessed associated factors.
Among 27,168 GC/CT nucleic acid amplification tests performed, 1.8% (484) were positive for GC and 7.8% (2125) were positive for CT. Within the assessed time frames, 87% (2275) of patients were treated, 54.1% (1411) had HIV testing, 50.1% (1306) had syphilis testing, and 39.9% (1040) had GC and CT retesting. Older patients were more likely to receive treatment (adjusted odds ratio 1.13; 95% confidence interval, 1.00–1.27; P = 0.05) than younger patients, whereas males were less likely to receive GC and CT retesting (adjusted odds ratio, 0.19; 95% confidence interval, 0.11–0.33; P