Parkinson’s disease (PD) is one of the most devastating neurodegenerative disorders and is associated with oxidative stress injury (OSI) and inflammatory responses. This study sought to investigate the mechanism of ovarian tumour domain-containing ubiquitin aldehyde binding 1 (OTUB1) in OSI and inflammatory responses in PD, providing a theoretical foundation for PD treatment.
The PD mouse model was established by an intraperitoneal injection of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine, followed by behavioural tests, observation of brain pathological changes, and quantification of inflammatory (TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-10) and OS (ROS, SOD, and MDA) factors. Next, the expression levels of OTUB1, interferon regulatory factor 7 (IRF7), and NADPH oxidase 4 (NOX4) levels were determined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and western blot assay, the binding of OTUB1 to IRF7 was analysed by co-immunoprecipitation, and the ubiquitination level of IRF7 and the enrichment and binding of IRF7 and the NOX4 promoter were measured by chromatin immunoprecipitation and dual-luciferase assays. Afterwards, rescue experiments were performed with IRF7 or NOX4 overexpression in OTUB1 knockout PD mice.
OTUB1 was upregulated in brain tissues of PD mice. Inhibition of OTUB1 alleviated PD progression, OSI, and inflammatory responses. OTUB1 stabilized IRF7 through deubiquitination, and IRF7 bound to the NOX4 promoter to promote NOX4 expression. IRF7 or NOX4 overexpression reversed the effects of silencing OTUB1 on OSI and inflammatory responses in PD mice.
OTUB1-mediated deubiquitination stabilized IRF7 and upregulated NOX4 expression, thereby promoting OSI and inflammatory responses in PD mice.