In Slovenia, quality of care at the primary healthcare level is formally a priority, but the legislation to ensure quality in this area is proceeding very slowly. The first steps towards a systematic quality control system in Slovenian family medicine were implemented with the initiation of an ongoing project of renewed family medicine practices in 2011 and the introduction of quality indicators. In 2017, an initiative by the Ministry of Health and the Department of Family Medicine at the Faculty of Medicine, the University of Ljubljana, aimed to develop a new approach to quality assurance and an improvement. It comprises four main parts: the family medicine practice team, a quality control group, a quality control office and the Ministry of Health. In this plan, quality is controlled and improved at the micro, mezzo and macro levels.The described system for quality assurance and improvement is still waiting to be implemented in practice, as there is a lack of human and financial resources.