Chronic and recurrent benign pain complaints are common among children and adolescents. Although many young persons with chronic pain adapt well, a small, but significant, proportion experience marked functional deficits. Pain can produce life disruptions, e.g. impeding activities and maturation, and interferes with family functioning. Conventional medically-based approaches have been inadequate in addressing chronic pain and its sequelae. Instead, effective management requires an interdisciplinary approach involving paediatricians and mental health practitioners working collaboratively to treat psychiatric comorbidities, enhance the patient’s functional adaptation, restore the child or adolescent’s maturational and social capabilities and reduce family disruptions.