This is the second part of a two-part article, the first part of which appears in this issue of the journal. The article considers the basic problems of Short-term Dynamic Psychotherapy, namely (1) how to develop techniques that maximize success, and (2) how to recognize suitable patients. In addition, there is a deep theoretical problem: why is it that purely interpretative therapy, even when intense dynamic interaction occurs, only a relatively small proportion of patients experience resolution of their neurosis? Davanloo has developed a technique which leads to solutions to all these problems. The technique is illustrated by an initial evaluation, begun in Part I and completed in the present Part. The article ends with a discussion of the practical and theoretical consequences of this work. Copyright © 1986 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.