Saul Rozenzweig introduced the hypothesis that effect of therapy should not be attributed to the specifics of a certain method, but to what all had in common, the so-called ‘common factors’.
The NI Executive’s Inquiry and Investigation into historical institutional abuse will examine if there were systemic failings by institutions or the state in their duties towards those children in their care between the years of 1922-1995.
When West Germany “met” The Beatles, that encounter both resembled Beatlemania elsewhere and was inflected by specifically German contexts such as the Cold War division into East and West, the Nazi past, and the Economic Miracle.
As infamous as the Asylums themselves, the Padded Cell was an essential piece of equipment within the wards. They were a special room and it was not intended that patients were housed in them for long periods of time; it was used so that patients did not harm themselves when suffering from an epileptic or psychotic episode. Suicidal and violent patients were also placed within them.
Sir William Beveridge in 1943, when he was in Ottawa to testify before the House of Commons Special Committee on Social Security, which was planning for the future of Canadians after the Second World War.
In the nineteenth century, French scientific institutions became interested in young “mental calculators,” arithmetical prodigies able to quickly and accurately perform complex mental calculations. The first scientists to study mental calculators were phrenologists who sought to prove the existence of a calculating organ in the frontal lobe.
King contributed to the development of the federal government’s role in social welfare by introducing old-age pensions in 1927, unemployment insurance in 1940, family allowance in 1944 and proposals for health insurance in the 1940s.
Lenox Hill Neighborhood House was founded in 1894 by the Alumnae Association of Normal College (now known as Hunter College of the City University of New York) as a free kindergarten for the children of indigent immigrants. Since then, we have remained at the forefront of community advocacy and social and educational change. We have long been a center of community leadership in addressing such issues as affordable housing, poor working conditions, health care, hunger, early childhood education, poverty, unemployment, homelessness, juvenile delinquency, crime prevention and long-term care for older adults.
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This picture shows one of his inventions, known as the “Tranquilizer,” which was designed to “keep the maniacs in the inflammatory stage of their disease in a perpendicular position so as to save the head from the impetus of the blood as much as possible.”
William James is the name that comes to mind when asked about scientific explanations of emotion in the nineteenth century. However, strictly speaking James’s theory of emotion does not explain emotions and never did.
The development of women’s refuges in Victoria, Australia emerged within the context of emergency accommodation for women being the province of charity-based organisations, whose interventions into women’s lives were often disempowering and autocratic.
These intense interactions in the central deserts show us how Aboriginal thinking could make whites think again about themselves—and forget, for a moment, that many of their research subjects were starving.
Despite the nationwide ‘feminization of machinery’ in the Soviet Union during the war years, German women deportees were denied access to skilled employment out of a mixture of gender stereotypes and fear of treason.
This study of an Australian women’s union, the Female Confectioners Union, shows how separate organising created union space and voice for female confectionery workers
In the controversy that broke out in 1911 over Frederick W. Taylor’s scientific management, many critics contended that it ignored “the human factor” and reduced workers to machines.
Tom Joad’s final words to his mother have echoed down the years, driven not in small part by Henry Fonda’s portrayal of Joad in the 1940 film version of the book.
“I’ll be all aroun’ in the dark,” Tom says. “I’ll be ever’where — wherever you look. Wherever they’s a fight so hungry people can eat, I’ll be there. Wherever they’s a cop beatin’ up a guy, I’ll be there. … I’ll be in the way guys yell when they’re mad an’ — I’ll be in the way kids laugh when they’re hungry and they know supper’s ready. An’ when our folks eat the stuff they raise an’ live in the houses they build — why, I’ll be there.”
Chinese Comfort Women features the personal stories of the survivors of this devastating system of sexual enslavement. Offering insight into the conditions of these women’s lives prior to and after the war, it points to the social, cultural, and political environments that prolonged their suffering. Through personal narratives from twelve Chinese “comfort station” survivors, this book reveals the unfathomable atrocities committed against women during the war and correlates the proliferation of “comfort stations” with the progression of Japan’s military offensive. Drawing on investigative reports, local histories, and witness testimony, Chinese Comfort Women puts a human face on China’s war experience and on the injustices suffered by hundreds of thousands of Chinese women.
Conflicting reports have come from the San Joaquin Valley picturing the plight of thousands of persons who have moved there since the devastating ravages of the dust storms, and to give readers of The Times an unbiased view of the situation a reporter and photographer were sent into the area.
Results: The incidence of admission to a mental health bed was 1.55 per year in the historical cohort compared with 2.9 in the contemporary. The overall incidence of admission to any bed in the contemporary cohort was 129 patients per year. There has been a twofold increase in the incidence of admissions for schizophrenia and related psychosis, but this most likely stems from an earlier age of admission rather than a true increase.
During the Second World War, as Canada struggled to provide its allies with food, public health officials warned that malnutrition could derail the war effort. Posters admonished Canadians to “Eat Right” because “Canada Needs You Strong” while cookbooks helped housewives become “housoldiers” through food rationing, menu substitutions, and household production. Ian Mosby explores the symbolic and material transformations that food and eating underwent as the Canadian state took unprecedented steps into the kitchens of the nation, changing the way women cooked, what their families ate, and how people thought about food. Canadians, in turn, rallied around food and nutrition to articulate new visions of citizenship for a new peacetime social order.