This paper is an overview of an effort to answer the following question: “When analysts before Mollie Orshansky mentioned dollar figures in connection with the terms ‘poverty,’ ‘minimum subsistence,’ or ‘low income,’ what dollar figures did they mention?”
The process of American psychiatric care started with the development of lunatic asylums during the early nineteenth century. There were 122 state supported lunatic asylums opened in the United States before 1900.
Frank Hirahara standing in snow in foreground at far right, with the many structures of the Heart Mountain Internment Camp spread across the middle, and Heart Mountain in the background.
Terrace of back-to-back houses, Leeds, West Yorkshire, July 1970.
“We are a lost people.” That description by an Innu chief seemed fitting when a shocking video of six gas-sniffing teens, screaming they wanted to die, was broadcast to the world. The once-nomadic Innu of Labrador have struggled under a haze of isolation, poverty and addiction ever since their 1967 settlement. A second relocation, this time from the shantytown of Davis Inlet to the new community of Natuashish, offered much promise, but it was just the beginning of a long healing process
Park Prewett Asylum (Park Prewett Hospital), in Basingstoke, was the second county asylum of Hampshire, it was proposed in 1898 to relieve the overcrowding of Knowle asylum in Fareham. Building work was started in 1910 but the asylum was not officially opened till 1921 having suffered a delay due to World War One when the Canadian military used it as the Number Four Canadian General Hospital. The asylum was again affected by World War, when in 1939 the patients were moved out so it could be used an an emergency military hospital for casualties from Europe.
The Association of Directors of Social Work (ADSW) was constituted in October 1969 in response to the Social Work (Scotland) Act 1968, an immensely important landmark in Scottish social work history, which in turn was influenced by the Kilbrandon report of 1964.
Labor Day, the first Monday in September, is a creation of the labor movement and is dedicated to the social and economic achievements of American workers. It constitutes a yearly national tribute to the contributions workers have made to the strength, prosperity, and well-being of our country.
The Voting Rights Act is a landmark federal law enacted in 1965 to remove race-based
restrictions on voting. It is perhaps the country’s most important voting rights law, with a history
that dates to the Civil War. After that conflict ended, a number of constitutional amendments were
adopted that addressed the particular circumstances of freed slaves, including the Fifteenth
Amendment that guaranteed the right to vote for all U.S. citizens regardless of “race, color, or
previous condition of servitude.”
Hellesdon Hospital, Norwich. The pavilion plan consisted of a long linear corridor extending either side of the administration block, the ward blocks were orientated perpendicular to the corridor and attached at their ends; the stores/water tower could located centrally or remotely.
City of London Asylum, Stone House, Kent. The Corridor Plan was a long running style of Asylum layout primarily used between 1830 and 1890; they are laid out with the administration block at the centre of the site with the wards flanking it on either side.