Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) for Adolescent Depression is a developmental adaptation of the classic cognitive therapy model developed by Aaron Beck and colleagues. CBT emphasizes collaborative empiricism, the importance of socializing patients to the cognitive therapy model, and the monitoring and modification of automatic thoughts, assumptions, and beliefs. To adapt CBT for adolescents, more emphasis is placed on (1) the use of concrete examples to illustrate points, (2) education about the nature of psychotherapy and socialization to the treatment model, (3) active exploration autonomy and trust issues, (4) focus on cognitive distortions and affective shifts that occur during sessions, and (5) acquisition of problem-solving, affect-regulation, and social skills. As teens frequently do not complete detailed thought logs, internal experiences such as monitoring cognitions associated with in-session affective shifts are used to illustrate the cognitive model. To match the more concrete cognitive style of younger adolescents, therapists summarize session content frequently. Abstraction is kept to a minimum, and concrete examples linked to personal experience are used when possible. The treatment program is delivered in 12 to 16 weekly sessions.