Second-generation antipsychotics in major depressive disorder? update and clinical perspective.
Curr Opin Psychiatry. 2010 Nov 17;
Authors: Chen J, Gao K, Kemp DE
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this systematic review was to examine the efficacy and safety of second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs) in nonpsychotic major depressive disorder (MDD). RECENT FINDINGS: In MDD, SGA monotherapy or adjunctive therapy to conventional antidepressants showed rapid onset of antidepressant efficacy. Although maintenance data are limited, quetiapine monotherapy, risperidone adjunctive therapy, and amisulpride adjunctive therapy significantly delayed the time to relapse as compared with placebo. In general, extrapyramidal symptoms appeared to be low with SGAs, but a higher incidence of akathisia was observed with aripiprazole. An elevated risk of weight gain was observed with olanzapine-fluoxetine combination, risperidone, aripiprazole, and quetiapine compared with placebo. At present, there are insufficient data to confidently distinguish between different SGAs in the treatment of MDD. A recent meta-analysis found that adjunctive SGAs were significantly more effective than placebo, but differences in efficacy were not identified among the studied agents, nor were outcomes affected by trial duration or the method of establishing treatment resistance. SUMMARY: Both SGA monotherapy and adjunctive therapy showed greater efficacy in the treatment of MDD than placebo, but augmentation is more widely utilized in treatment-resistant depression. Clinicians should routinely monitor for cardiometabolic side-effects and extrapyramidal symptoms during SGA therapy.
PMID: 21088586 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]