Category Archives: Meta-analyses – Systematic Reviews RSS Feed

Continue reading:  Paroxetine versus other anti-depressive agents for depression

Posted in Meta-analyses - Systematic Reviews on 04/17/2014 | Link to this post on IFP

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Originally posted here -  Psychological therapies (Internet-delivered) for the management of chronic pain in adults

Posted in Meta-analyses - Systematic Reviews on 04/08/2014 | Link to this post on IFP

Link:   Family and carer smoking control programmes for reducing children’s exposure to environmental tobacco smoke

Posted in Meta-analyses - Systematic Reviews on 04/07/2014 | Link to this post on IFP

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Posted in Meta-analyses - Systematic Reviews on 04/04/2014 | Link to this post on IFP

During adolescence, some young people may experiment with both licit and illicit substances (alcohol, tobacco, cannabis and other drugs). This can have an impact on their behaviour, their relationships with others and how they function in society. For those who develop substance use disorders, family has a vital role to play in addressing this issue. This EMCDDA Paper focuses on a form of inclusive therapy that involves the young person, their family and their environment. Based on five studies carried …

Posted in Meta-analyses - Systematic Reviews on 04/03/2014 | Link to this post on IFP
Posted in Meta-analyses - Systematic Reviews on 04/03/2014 | Link to this post on IFP
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Conclusions Agomelatine is an effective antidepressant with similar efficacy to standard antidepressants. Published trials generally had more favourable results than unpublished studies.

Posted in Meta-analyses - Systematic Reviews on 04/01/2014 | Link to this post on IFP

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Originally from:  Assessment of a Method To Detect Signals for Updating Systematic Reviews — White Paper

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Read this article:   Systematic Reviews of Complex Multicomponent Health Care Interventions — White Paper

Posted in Meta-analyses - Systematic Reviews Tagged on 03/25/2014 | Link to this post on IFP

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Women may have persistent risk of HIV acquisition during pregnancy and postpartum. Estimating risk of HIV during these periods is important to inform optimal prevention approaches. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate maternal HIV incidence during pregnancy/postpartum and to compare mother-to-child HIV transmission (MTCT) risk among women with incident versus chronic infection.

Posted in Meta-analyses - Systematic Reviews on 03/23/2014 | Link to this post on IFP
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Posted in Meta-analyses - Systematic Reviews on 03/15/2014 | Link to this post on IFP

BACKGROUND: There is a burgeoning and varied literature examining the associations between parental factors and depression or anxiety disorders in young people. However, there is hitherto no systematic review of this complex literature with a focus on the 12-18 years age range, when the first onset for these disorders peaks. Furthermore, to facilitate the application of the evidence in prevention, a focus on modifiable factors is required. METHODS: Employing the PRISMA method, we conducted a systematic review of parental factors …

Posted in Meta-analyses - Systematic Reviews on 03/14/2014 | Link to this post on IFP
Posted in Meta-analyses - Systematic Reviews on 03/13/2014 | Link to this post on IFP

Academic institutions funded by the Clinical and Translational Science Awards (CTSA) Program of the National Institutes of Health were challenged recently by the Institute of Medicine to expand traditional mentoring of graduate and postdoctoral scholars to include training and continuing education for faculty, professional staff, and community partners. A systematic review was conducted to determine whether researcher development interventions, alone or in any combination, are effective in improving researcher behavior. PubMed, CINAHL, and Education Research Complete databases and select journals …

Posted in Meta-analyses - Systematic Reviews on 03/13/2014 | Link to this post on IFP

The management of cancer-related psychological distress has been addressed in numerous studies, which have examined both the development of interventions to alleviate psychological distress as well as scales for evaluating their efficacy. In this systematic review, we examine results from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the relative effectiveness of interventions in reducing cancer-related psychological distress and the scales employed to measure this distress. An electronic database search for RCTs of psychological interventions in cancer patients from October 2008 to July …

Posted in Meta-analyses - Systematic Reviews on 03/12/2014 | Link to this post on IFP

Ireland This meta-analysis report is designed to highlight many of the flaws of the system in which some of our most vulnerable children find themselves in. However, it is also offers a range of recommendations which aim to account for the systemic root causes of these recurring problems. The Ombudsman for Children’s Office has been investigating issues relating to children in care for 10 years and, in light of the re-organisation of children’s services, sought to provide an overview of …

Posted in Meta-analyses - Systematic Reviews on 03/11/2014 | Link to this post on IFP

AIMS: The idea that most smokers quit without formal assistance is widely accepted, however, few studies have been referenced as evidence. The purpose of this study is to systematically review the literature to determine what proportion of adult smokers report attempting to quit unassisted in population-based studies. METHODS: A four stage strategy was used to conduct a search of the literature including searching 9 electronic databases (PUBMED, MEDLINE (OVID) (1948-), EMBASE (1947-), CINAHL, ISI Web of Science with conference proceedings, …

Posted in Meta-analyses - Systematic Reviews on 03/11/2014 | Link to this post on IFP

Continue at source:  Decision aids for people facing health treatment or screening decisions

Posted in Meta-analyses - Systematic Reviews on 03/10/2014 | Link to this post on IFP

ABSTRACT Background: Half a century after the inception of the term “successful aging (SA),” a consensus definition has not emerged. The current study aims to provide a comprehensive snapshot of operational definitions of SA. Methods: A systematic review across MedLine, PsycInfo, CINAHL, EMBASE, and ISI Web of Knowledge of quantitative operational definitions of SA was conducted. Results: Of the 105 operational definitions, across 84 included studies using unique models, 92.4% (97) included physiological constructs (e.g. physical functioning), 49.5% (52) engagement …

Posted in Meta-analyses - Systematic Reviews on 03/09/2014 | Link to this post on IFP
Posted in Meta-analyses - Systematic Reviews on 03/08/2014 | Link to this post on IFP

AIMS: Medication safety is a part of quality of care and patient safety. Old age brings many challenges for safe use of medication. In order to improve the prerequisites of medication safety in acute care of the elderly, we systematically reviewed studies to find out what kind of medication errors happen in elderly acute care. METHODS: Cinahl, Medline, Cochrane, JBI Connect+ databases and Finnish healthcare databases Medic and Ohtanen were used in the search. The search was performed using both …

Posted in Meta-analyses - Systematic Reviews on 03/08/2014 | Link to this post on IFP

Posted in Meta-analyses - Systematic Reviews Tagged on 03/07/2014 | Link to this post on IFP

Loneliness is a serious problem for older people, which can be alleviated by social support. The dramatic population ageing together with social and economic change in China increases the likelihood of loneliness and the availability of different sources of social support of older people. The aim of this review was to identify the prevalence of loneliness and its related factors and sources of social support of older people in China. Electronic literature searches were conducted in September 2011 using Web …

Posted in Meta-analyses - Systematic Reviews on 03/07/2014 | Link to this post on IFP

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PRISMA stands for Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses. It is an evidence-based minimum set of items for reporting in systematic reviews and meta-analyses. The aim of the PRISMA Statement is to help authors improve the reporting of systematic reviews and meta-analyses. We have focused on randomized trials, but PRISMA can also be used as a basis for reporting systematic reviews of other types of research, particularly evaluations of interventions. PRISMA may also be useful for critical appraisal …

Posted in Meta-analyses - Systematic Reviews on 03/06/2014 | Link to this post on IFP

Background Our objective was to develop an instrument to assess the methodological quality of systematic reviews, building upon previous tools, empirical evidence and expert consensus. Methods A 37-item assessment tool was formed by combining 1) the enhanced Overview Quality Assessment Questionnaire (OQAQ), 2) a checklist created by Sacks, and 3) three additional items recently judged to be of methodological importance. This tool was applied to 99 paper-based and 52 electronic systematic reviews. Exploratory factor analysis was used to identify underlying …

Posted in Meta-analyses - Systematic Reviews on 03/06/2014 | Link to this post on IFP

CONTEXT: Virtual reality exposure therapy (VRET) is an extension of traditional exposure therapy and has been used to treat a variety of anxiety disorders. VRET utilizes a computer-generated virtual environment to present fear-relevant stimuli. Recent studies have evaluated the use of VRET for treatment of PTSD; however, a systematic evaluation of the methodological quality of these studies has yet to be conducted. OBJECTIVES: This review aims to (a) identify treatment outcome studies examining the use of VRET for the treatment …

Posted in Meta-analyses - Systematic Reviews on 03/06/2014 | Link to this post on IFP

Conclusions Smoking cessation is associated with reduced depression, anxiety, and stress and improved positive mood and quality of life compared with continuing to smoke. The effect size seems as large for those with psychiatric disorders as those without. The effect sizes are equal or larger than those of antidepressant treatment for mood and anxiety disorders.

Posted in Meta-analyses - Systematic Reviews on 03/05/2014 | Link to this post on IFP
Posted in Meta-analyses - Systematic Reviews on 03/05/2014 | Link to this post on IFP

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Methods and Findings We searched 13 electronic databases up to 23 October 2013 to identify research studies reporting the odds of health conditions or sexual risk behaviours for MSM experiencing or perpetrating IPV. Nineteen studies with 13,797 participants were included in the review. Random effects meta-analyses were performed to estimate pooled odds ratios (ORs). Exposure to IPV as a victim was associated with increased odds of substance use (OR = 1.88, 95% CIOR 1.59–2.22, I2 = 46.9%, 95% CII2 0%–78%), …

Posted in Meta-analyses - Systematic Reviews on 03/04/2014 | Link to this post on IFP

Non-medical prescription opioid use (NMPOU) constitutes a substantial clinical and public health concern in North America. Although there is evidence of elevated rates of mental health problems among people with NMPOU, the extent of these correlations specifically in treatment samples has not been systematically assessed. A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted for Axis-1 psychiatric diagnoses and symptoms with a principal focus on depression and anxiety disorders in substance use treatment samples reporting NMPOU at admission to treatment (both criteria …

Posted in Meta-analyses - Systematic Reviews on 03/04/2014 | Link to this post on IFP

Sport participation can play an important and positive role in the health and development of children and youth. One area that has recently been receiving greater attention is the role that sport participation might play in preventing drug and alcohol use among youth. The current study is a systematic review of 17 longitudinal studies examining the relationship between sport participation and alcohol and drug use among adolescents. Results indicated that sport participation is associated with alcohol use, with 82% of …

Posted in Meta-analyses - Systematic Reviews on 03/03/2014 | Link to this post on IFP

BACKGROUND: Longitudinal studies reporting the association between cannabis use and developing depression provide mixed results. The objective of this study was to establish the extent to which different patterns of use of cannabis are associated with the development of depression using meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. METHOD: Peer-reviewed publications reporting the risk of developing depression in cannabis users were located using searches of EMBASE, Medline, PsychINFO and ISI Web of Science. Only longitudinal studies that controlled for depression at baseline were …

Posted in Meta-analyses - Systematic Reviews on 03/03/2014 | Link to this post on IFP
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Posted in Meta-analyses - Systematic Reviews on 03/01/2014 | Link to this post on IFP

BACKGROUND: While women with breast cancer often face varying levels of psychological distress, there is a subgroup whose symptomatology reaches a threshold for diagnosis of major depressive disorder (MDD). Major depressive disorder is known to influence patient outcomes, such as health-related quality of life and treatment adherence. There are no systematic reviews that evaluate pharmacological and psychotherapeutic treatment trials for MDD among individuals with breast cancer. METHODS: Two authors independently searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane and Clinical Trials.gov databases through February …

Posted in Meta-analyses - Systematic Reviews on 03/01/2014 | Link to this post on IFP

Read more:  Buprenorphine maintenance versus placebo or methadone maintenance for opioid dependence

Posted in Meta-analyses - Systematic Reviews on 02/28/2014 | Link to this post on IFP

With the increasingly widespread use of antipsychotics in bipolar disorder (BD), switching among these agents and between antipsychotics and mood stabilizers has become more common, in particular, since the introduction of the novel atypical antipsychotics with mood stabilizer properties. This systematic review aims to provide a comprehensive update of the current literature in BD about the switching of antipsychotics, among them and between them and mood stabilizers, in acute and maintenance treatment. We conducted a comprehensive, computerized literature search using …

Posted in Meta-analyses - Systematic Reviews on 02/27/2014 | Link to this post on IFP

Posted in Meta-analyses - Systematic Reviews on 02/26/2014 | Link to this post on IFP

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a serious and life threatening disorder. The literature on informed reproductive decisions among people with SCD is limited, suggesting that there is a lack of awareness about SCD and Sickle cell trait status (SCT) among high-risk populations. The purpose of this qualitative interpretive meta-synthesis (QIMS) is to examine the reproductive attitudes and behaviors in people with SCD or SCT to create effective genetic counseling programs to inform reproductive decision making.

Posted in Meta-analyses - Systematic Reviews on 02/25/2014 | Link to this post on IFP

Posted in Meta-analyses - Systematic Reviews on 02/25/2014 | Link to this post on IFP

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Summary: The authors present the field of social work with a methodology specifically aimed at the synthesis of qualitative research informed by existing methods and applications yet tailored to the unique values and goals of the profession of social work. Findings: Though qualitative research in social work is commonplace, currently, the field lacks a methodology to synthesize these qualitative studies. A synthesis of qualitative studies results in generation of a more in-depth understanding of the phenomena studied that can be …

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Taken from:  Aripiprazole versus other atypical antipsychotics for schizophrenia

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Jump to original:  Vitamin D supplementation for prevention of mortality in adults

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View post:   Antidepressants for smoking cessation

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