High Level Summary of Statistics Trends for Crime and Justice
SummaryThis report presents a new estimate of the prevalence of autism among adults aged 18 years and over. This was derived using data from the 2007 …
What is the QOF? How is QOF achievement measured? Where do I view the QOF results?What is the QOF?The Quality and Outcomes Framework (QOF), is a volun…
SummaryThis fifth annual report on NHS adult specialist mental health services in England and the people who use them covers five years with the most …
NOTE: Food-insecure households are those in which either adults or children or both were “food insecure,” meaning
that, at times, they were unable to acquire adequate food for active, healthy living for all household members because
they had insufficient money and other resources for food. Statistics for 1996–1998 and 2000 are omitted because
they are not directly comparable with those for other years.
*Numbers in parentheses indicate the prevalence of the disorder without any comorbidity. These rates were calculated using the NCS data for GAD and PTSD, and the ECA data for OCD. The rates were not used in calculating the any anxiety disorder and any disorder totals for the ECA and NCS columns. The unduplicated GAD and PTSD rates were added to the best estimate total for any anxiety disorder (3.3%) and any disorder (1.5%).
From 2005-2008, blacks/African Americans constituted the largest percentage of diagnoses of HIV infection each year. In 2008, of adults and adolescents diagnosed with HIV infection in the 37 states and 5 U.S. dependent areas with confidential name-based HIV infection reporting since at least January 2005, 50% were black/African American, 29% were white, 20% were Hispanic/Latino, 1% each were Asian and American Indian/Alaska Native and persons reporting multiple races, and less than 1% were Native Hawaiian/other Pacific Islander.
Nearly three in ten beneficiaries (29 percent) are limited in their ability to handle basic activities of daily living (ADLs), such as bathing and eating, with even higher shares among the nonelderly disabled population (42 percent) and those ages 85 and older (48 percent). A similar share of all beneficiaries (30 percent) are limited in their ability to do instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs), such as housework, preparing meals, and using the telephone. Such limitations affect a greater share of nonelderly disabled beneficiaries (54 percent) and those ages 85 and over (43 percent).
To experience self-stigma, the person must be aware of the stereotypes that describe a stigmatized group (e.g., people with mental illness are to blame for their disorder) and agree with them (that’s right, people with mental illness are actually to blame for their disorder).
Solid lines represent statistically significant direct effects of the regression of each mediator (i.e., psychological distress; risky sexual situations) onto childhood sexual abuse, experiences of childhood homophobia, and experiences of adult homophobia. Dashed lines represent statistically significant indirect effects, which are the regressions of risky sexual behavior onto childhood sexual abuse, experiences of childhood homophobia, and experiences of adult homophobia through (a) psychological distress, (b) risky sexual situations, or (c) psychological distress and risky sexual situations. Dashed lines that cross an intermediary variable (i.e., psychological distress; risky sexual situations) include that variable as a mediator.
Mean heart rate in the 6-second resting interval prior to script onset for control, circumscribed social phobia, generalized social phobia without comorbid depression, and generalized social phobia with comorbid depression groups. Error bars refer to standard error of the mean.
Recent data from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication study55, 57, a nationally representative epidemiological survey of mental disorders, suggest that about half of the population fulfill criteria for one or other psychiatric disorders in their lifetimes. The majority of those with a mental disorder have had the beginnings of the illness in childhood or adolescence. Some anxiety disorders such as phobias and separation anxiety and impulse-control disorders begin in childhood, while other anxiety disorders such as panic, generalized anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder, substance disorders and mood disorders begin later, with onsets rarely before early teens. Schizophrenia typically begins in late adolescence or the early twenties, with men having a somewhat earlier age of onset compared to women56. Psychiatric disorders with childhood or adolescent onsets tend to be more severe, are frequently undetected early in the illness, and accrue additional co-morbid disorders especially if untreated. It is therefore critical to focus efforts on early identification and intervention.