In the USA, tobacco product free samples (FS) are prohibited, except for smokeless tobacco samples distributed under certain conditions in qualified adult-only facilities. We examined prevalence and frequency of FS receipt among adults who use tobacco, channels of FS distribution and the potential effect of FS use on subsequent product purchase.
From 15 April through 12 July 2020, a total of 1989 adult participants in the National Panel of Tobacco Consumer Studies completed a mixed-mode survey on receipt and use of FS of cigarettes, cigars, smokeless tobacco, e-cigarettes and hookah tobacco. We estimated weighted proportions, population totals and 95% CIs. We used 2 tests to assess differences between FS recipients and non-recipients.
An estimated 11.0% of US adults who use tobacco received an FS in 2020. Similar proportions received FS of cigarettes (3.8%), cigars (3.3%), smokeless tobacco (3.2%) and e-cigarettes (2.7%). Approximately 60.0% of FS recipients used it, and 68.1% of those who used FS said they were likely to purchase the product. More than half (54.2%) received FS on two or more occasions in the past 12 months, most commonly at retail outlets and tobacco specialty stores.
While prevalence of adults who use tobacco receiving FS is relatively low, findings indicate that FS distribution continues to occur for cigarettes, cigars, smokeless tobacco and e-cigarettes, though in-person FS of smokeless tobacco may be legally distributed under certain conditions in qualified adult-only facilities. Findings suggest that FS are often used by recipients, which can affect future purchase decisions.