The aim of this narrative review was to provide an overview of what is known about the health care transition process in pediatric chronic pain, barriers to successful transition of care, and the roles that pediatric psychologists and other health care providers can play in the transition process. Searches were run in in Ovid, PsycINFO, Academic Search Complete, and PubMed. Eight relevant articles were identified. There are no published protocols, guidelines, or assessment measures specific to the health care transition in pediatric chronic pain. Patients report many barriers to the transition process, including difficulty attaining reliable medical information, establishing care with new providers, financial concerns, and adapting to the increased personal responsibility for their medical care. Additional research is needed to develop and test protocols to facilitate transition of care. Protocols should emphasize structured, face-to-face interactions and include high levels of coordination between pediatric and adult care teams.