The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of oral triclofos (TRI), intranasal midazolam (INM), and intranasal dexmedetomidine (IND) in achieving successful sedation in children undergoing MRI. This open-label, three-arm, randomized trial was conducted in a tertiary care teaching hospital over 18-month period. Children scheduled for MRI were enrolled. Rate of successful/adequate sedation was assessed using the Paediatric Sedation State Scale (PSSS). The primary outcome was the efficacy (successful sedation or sedation rate) of the three drugs. One-hundred and ninety-five children were included for the MRI procedure. IND was found to be superior in terms of achieving successful sedation. INM had a shorter onset and duration of sedation compared to IND and TRI, but with an increased failure rate (88.3%). Keeping INM as the reference group, it was found that the odds of sedation increased 4.1 times on changing from INM to IND (p < 0.01), and 2.26 times on changing from INM to TRI (p < 0.01). Adverse events included nasal discomfort (18.3%) in INM group; and self-limited tachycardia (4.6%) and hypotension (10.8%) in the IND group.
Conclusion: IND was more efficacious than INM or TRI for procedural sedation in children undergoing MRI without any significant adverse events.
Clinical trial registration: CTRI/2019/01/017257; date registered: 25/01/2019.
What is Known:
• Oral triclofos (TRI) and intranasal midazolam (INM) have been used for procedural sedation in children undergoing MRI with variable success; but the experience with intranasal dexmedetomidine (IND) is limited.
What is New:
• IND provides more effective sedation compared to INM or TRI for procedural sedation in children undergoing MRI, without any significant adverse events.