Sexual intimacy, experiences, identity, and behavior are important for well-being and health across the life span. Research with adults in middle and later life demonstrates the continuing importance of sexual intimacy, but there remains much to understand about older adults’ experiences of sexuality (Lodge & Umberson, 2016). A brief historical search of works published in The Gerontologist reveals little attention to sexuality until recently. The first mention of sexuality appears in 1967, in two articles that included comments on the loss of sexual identity or prowess as features of aging (Lowy, 1967; Schonfield, 1967). These now cringeworthy comments occurred a year after Masters and Johnson first published their landmark study of human sexuality (Masters & Johnson, 1966), and it was not until 1971 that two articles in The Gerontologist identified such negative conceptions of sexuality as ageist myths (McTavish, 1971; Palmore, 1971). Articles exploring the sexual experiences and behavior of older adults were still scarce in the following two decades. Two articles in the early 1980s addressed late life (hetero)sexual experiences: from a literary perspective (Loughman, 1980) and in a review (Ludeman, 1981). Articles exploring experiences of sexual minorities, particularly gay men (Kelly, 1977; Laner, 1978), emerged almost a decade after uprisings and outrage followed a violent police raid on the Stonewall Inn in New York; Stonewall marked the beginning of a decades-long cultural shift in legal and public attitudes that has undoubtedly altered the lives of the current cohorts of LGBTQ+ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, or questioning) older adults (Kimmel et al., 2015). In the 1990s, articles noted the sexual concerns and/or interests of persons with dementia (Lichtenberg & Strzepek, 1990; Litz et al., 1990) and older adults’ sexual activity and satisfaction (Matthias et al., 1997), but it was not until well into the 21st century, with seminal work by Fredriksen-Goldsen et al. (2013, 2014; 2015), that we have seen consistent appearance of topics related to human sexuality in The Gerontologist. We are now beginning to see scholars tackle the complex intersections of sexual behavior with other aspects of identity (e.g., Goldsen et al., 2017; Nevedal & Sankar, 2016) and recognize older adults, including those with cognitive impairment, as active agents in control of their sexuality (e.g., Syme et al., 2020). The articles in this special issue of The Gerontologist continue these important trends.