HIV in the USA disproportionately affects Black young gay and bisexual men (Y-GBM). This article presents outcomes of a pilot randomized controlled trial comparing Mobilizing our Voices for Empowerment (MOVE), a culturally and developmentally tailored critical consciousness-based intervention for Black Y-GBM living with HIV (ages 16–24), with a comparison health promotion intervention. Black Y-GBM (n = 54) from four cities participated. Mixed effects models across four assessment points revealed participants in MOVE showed greater increases over time in perceived stress of HIV disclosure, self-efficacy for limiting HIV risk behavior, and condom use self-efficacy. Examining mean difference scores separately, participants in MOVE demonstrated increases in self-efficacy for HIV disclosure, perceived policy control, and self-efficacy for limiting HIV risk behavior. Immediately post-intervention, MOVE participants reported greater decreases in condomless intercourse with negative/unknown partners. MOVE may have potential to improve the health of Black Y-GBM living with HIV and reduce further transmission.