The aim of the review is to critically appraise and synthesize quantitative and qualitative evidence on the barriers and facilitators to general practitioners (GPs) engaging in implementation research as participants for the purposes of evaluating translation of evidence into practice.
General practice is a distinct medical specialty that requires its own specific research, therefore, GP participation in research is key in translating new knowledge into practice. However, recruiting GPs to research as participants is challenging. Understanding GP behavior in relation to their participation in implementation research as participants is critical.
This review will consider quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods studies from developed countries investigating barriers and facilitators to general practitioners’ engagement with implementation research as participants.
This mixed method systematic review will investigate the barriers and facilitators to GPs engaging in implementation research as participants. The review will be conducted in accordance with JBI methodology for mixed methods systematic reviews. The main databases accessed will be PubMed, MEDLINE, and Scopus, and include studies published in English focused on factors influencing GPs to participate in implementation research in primary health care settings between 2008 and the present. Articles will be screened by title and abstract by two reviewers. Two reviewers will read and screen relevant articles, assess for quality, extract study characteristics, and synthesize data. This review is taking an integrated approach involving transformed quantitative data. Primary outcome measures will include study details and outcomes related to the research question. Qualitative and transformed quantitative data will be mapped to the Theoretical Domains Framework at extraction phase. Synthesis will include identified barriers and facilitators categorized using the Theoretical Domains Framework indicators to provide future research and implementation recommendations for recruiting GPs to implementation research as participants.
Systematic review registration number:
Correspondence: Lucy Sargent, firstname.lastname@example.org
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
© 2021 Joanna Briggs Institute.