Recovery Training and Self-Help (RTSH) is a group aftercare program for individuals recovering from opioid addiction. RTSH is based on the principle that opioid addiction, regardless of a person’s original reasons for using substances, stems from conditioning due to the reinforcing effects of repeated opioid use. RTSH is designed to deactivate addiction by teaching and supporting alternative responses to stimuli previously associated with opioid use. Program goals include reducing the occurrence and frequency of relapse and readdiction and helping unemployed participants obtain employment. RTSH features 6 months of twice weekly meetings, regular weekend recreational activities, and a support network for clients. Each RTSH group is co-led by a professional therapist and a group leader in recovery. At one of the weekly meetings, the professional therapist delivers the Recovery Training (RT) curriculum, a preplanned series of didactic sessions that systematically addresses predictable threats to abstinence from illicit opiates. The second weekly meeting, a self-help session conducted by the group leader in recovery, is devoted to sharing experiences, discussing personal issues, addressing group business, and planning for weekend recreational and community service activities.