Today 13 million people are living in poverty in the UK. According to a 2017 report, 1 in 5 children live below the poverty line. The new poor, however, are an even larger group than these official figures suggest.
The welfare system was last “reformed” during the administration of former President Bill Clinton, and the results were devastating. According to research by sociologists Kathryn Edin and Luke Shaefer, extreme poverty more than doubled in the two decades following the passage in 1996 of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act, which imposed draconian work requirements on welfare recipients and converted federal welfare funds into block grants. Now, Trump appears to be preparing to shred what is left of the social safety net. And as Clio Chang of Splinter News points out, Trump is deploying the same rhetorical formula as his welfare-slashing predecessors.
This manual guides macro practitioners as they bring service users into the community planning process. The authors have developed the Community Development Planning Model (CDPM)-a cohesive eight step planning framework.
Focused specifically on anti-oppression research methods, this collection examines the principles, challenges, and advantages of engaging with marginalized populations in organizational contexts.