First class of the School of Social Work and Public Health pose with Dr. Henry H. Hibbs Jr. in front of the monument to Dr. Hunter H. McGuire, former professor of surgery at the Medical College of Virginia.
In the decade after World War II, psychologists, eager to bring the benefits of counseling to larger numbers, convinced hundreds of American colleges and universities to establish counseling centers.
Robina Addis (1900-1986) was one of the earliest professionally trained psychiatric social workers in Great Britain.
In the nineteenth century, there was a continuous debate on the structure and function of the brain, focusing on localization of function and on epilepsy.
This article examines evidence of active political engagement by women in Edinburgh and Glasgow in the inter-war years of the twentieth century.
While this is one of the most notorious events in the early history of American psychology, almost nothing has been known about the incident itself, because both Baldwin and Hopkins took great pains to keep these details private.
Barracks at the Gunflint Civilian Conservation Corps camp in winter, north of Grand Marais, Minnesota
Frances Pepper (left) and Elizabeth Smith (right) working in the offices of The Suffragist, the weekly journal published by the Congressional Union and National Woman’s Party from 1913 to 1921.
Daughter of a Unitarian minister and schoolmaster, the penal reformer and educationist Mary Carpenter (1807–77) grew up in a pious family with a strong sense of obligation to those who were less fortunate. Moved by the appalling circumstances of destitute children in Bristol, she established her first ragged school in 1846. In her bid to improve the difficult lives of juvenile delinquents, her enlightened philosophy was one of rehabilitation rather than retribution, emphasising the importance of giving children a sense of self-worth.
The conflict in Northern Ireland during the late 20th century is known as the Troubles. Over 3,600 people were killed and thousands more injured.
Photograph of three young boys and a girl standing next to a Christmas tree
America’s self-perception has long been influenced by the opinions of America held by foreigners. Admiration for the United States was strong among British radicals in the early and mid-nineteenth century, but there was an alternative position, one that was negative toward America.
A key question in collective memory research is how such memories are created and shared over time. This study consisted of a qualitative content analysis of documentary artifacts to determine whether there is a collective memory of the 1953 Arizona Short Creek Raid and, if so, how it developed and contributes to an ongoing sense of identity for some Fundamentalist Mormons.
New York’s Sing Sing Prison’s first two decades coincided with the emergence of the Hudson River School of Painting. The differences between the two were dramatic: the Hudson River School emphasized an idealized “natural magnificence” whereas the prison extracted silent, profitable labor through routine beatings.
Picture of a translation of Roger Bacon’s works: The cure of old age and preservation of use
Roger Bacon suggests alcohol may defend the body from corruption
In developing our understanding, we utilise documents from Titoist Yugoslavia, and surveys and case study interviews conducted in Argentina and Venezuel
In 1943, a distinguished child psychiatrist at Johns Hopkins University, Leo Kanner, published what would become a landmark article: a description of 11 children who suffered from a distinct disorder he called ‘infantile autism’. While initially quite obscure, in the early 1950s Kanner’s report garnered much attention, as clinicians and researchers interpreted these case studies as exemplifying the ill-effects of maternal deprivation, a new theory that rapidly gained currency in the United States.
This brief conceptual history, modeled on Koselleck’s Begriffsgeschichte, adds to earlier histories of empathy. It showed that Johann Gottfried Herder, not Robert Vischer, invented Einfühlung as an objective scholarly method during 18th-century absolutist–relativist disputes.
This article explores some of the normative commitments which persist in the literature on behavioural interventions for disorders of inattention and hyperactivity.
This study analyzes aspects related to family structure and kinship (in particularly, to relations between parents and children, but other types than the blood relations) and the influences they had on seventeenth-century Moldavian society.
A centenary conference organised by the National Trust and University of Oxford, Sutton House
Ranks of police face the picket line at Orgreave Coking Plant near Rotherham in June 1984.
The concept of the sick role entered sociology in 1951 when Talcott Parsons creatively separated the sick person out of the doctor–patient dyad.
In this broadcast from December 1935, Secretary of Labor Frances Perkins is defending and explaining the recently passed Social Security Act, while journalist George E. Sokolsky is attacking the new legislation.
Despite its unprecedented mass mortality and recent popularity among historians, the 1918–19 Spanish influenza pandemic rarely figures into national histories. Similarly, national, social, and political histories rarely inform histories of this pandemic.
Richard Titmuss was one of the world’s leading public analysts and philosophers. He was enormously influential in shaping the post-war welfare state and created the discipline that we now call social policy. It is now forty years since he died. What would he have made of the present state of welfare? The present state of social policy? Welfare reformers frequently talk of going back to Beveridge. Should we not think of going back to Titmuss?
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Arnold Toynbee (1852-1881) died before the age of thirty but nevertheless in his short life as a scholar his thinking did much to change how education could be developed through work in the poorer parts of Britain’s cities. He lectured in economic history at Oxford University where he was very critical of the effects of the industrial revolution which he saw emerging all around him.