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Even though male homosexuality was decriminalised in Britain in 1967, it still occupied a legal grey area in which it could be classified as an ‘unlawful’ act contrary to the public good. This was because of the revival of a common law offence known as ‘conspiracy to corrupt public morals’ which was applied to those gay men who were advertising in the new gay press for friends and lovers.
In the United States, efforts to articulate the relationship between the care of the body and the state of the mind, morals and emotions date back almost 200 years.
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The practice of incarcerating children in specialist facilities in England and Wales has a long pedigree, dating back to the establishment of Parkhurst Prison in the Isle of Wight in 1838.
Over its 59 years of existence, the Social Welfare History Group has consistently encouraged the teaching of history and the value of doing historical research on social work and social welfare through presentations at conferences, publication of bibliographies and articles and dissertations.
As chair of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation and then of the NYSE, Emil Schram (pictured at right, 1939) helped shape tax policy to serve his peers.
The workhouse was a major feature in the lives of the poor, whether or not they were ever inmates themselves.
From her earliest days in the Roosevelt cabinet, Frances Perkins was a forceful advocate for massive public works programs to bring the nation’s unemployed back to work. Within a month of Roosevelt’s inauguration, Congress enacted legislation establishing the Civilian Conservation Corps, which Roosevelt asked Perkins to implement. Roosevelt also asked her to present a plan for an emergency relief program, and she delivered a young social worker from New York named Harry Hopkins who had visited Frances in Washington with his own proposal.
Since the inception of the ‘modern’ prison system in the mid-nineteenth century to the current day, the relationship between mental illness and the prison has been hotly debated, in terms of why so many prisons came to contain large numbers of mentally ill people, as well as their tendency as institutions to produce or exacerbate mental disease.
Professor Maggie Andrews discusses some of the key campaigns and concerns of the Women’s Institute, from its origins in the First World War to the 1950s when, with half a million members, it was firmly established as the largest women’s organisation in Britain.
Jeannette Pickering Rankin was born near Missoula in western Montana. After graduating from the nearby University of Montana, she followed a restless path to Boston, San Francisco, New York (where she earned a graduate degree in social work from Columbia University), Washington state, and then back to Montana to successfully advocate for women’s suffrage.