Professor Maggie Andrews discusses some of the key campaigns and concerns of the Women’s Institute, from its origins in the First World War to the 1950s when, with half a million members, it was firmly established as the largest women’s organisation in Britain.
Jeannette Pickering Rankin was born near Missoula in western Montana. After graduating from the nearby University of Montana, she followed a restless path to Boston, San Francisco, New York (where she earned a graduate degree in social work from Columbia University), Washington state, and then back to Montana to successfully advocate for women’s suffrage.
Adolf Hitler presenting Theodor Morell, his personal physician, with the Knight’s Cross of the War Merit Cross at his headquarters, 1944
To support the famine relief effort, British tax policy required landlords to pay the local taxes of their poorest tenant farmers, leading many landlords to forcibly evict struggling farmers and destroy their cottages in order to save money.
From 1898 to 1902, the United States waged a bloody war in the Philippines. Filipinos wanted independence from centuries of Spanish colonial rule. U.S. leaders, however, saw the opportunity to control the Philippines and gain access to markets in Asia.
At the intersection of Fifth Avenue and 53nd Street, a large group of women hold a banner that reads ‘Women of the World’ at the Women Strike for Equality demonstration, New York, New York, August 26, 1970. Tens of thousands of women (and men) marched along Fifth Avenue towards Bryant Park to demand equal opportuntity in employment and social equality.
“The Most Recently Discovered Wild Beast,” wood engraving, Judy: Or, The London Serio-Comic Journal, 3 August 1881.
Ellen S. Woodward, Assistant WPA Administrator in charge of the Government Creative Work Program, testifies to the House about the value of federal subsidies for creative work, 1938
The structure originally housed retail shops, medical and dental offices, the headquarters for the Atlanta Urban League, the Atlanta School of Social Work, and a 34-room hotel.
C.J. Taylor, “The Mortar of Assimilation–And the One Element that Won’t Mix,” chromolithograph, Puck, 26 June 1889, available from Michigan State University Museum, Immigration and Caricature: Ethnic Images from the Appel Collection
Madam Taka Takanashi, one of the delegates to the International Congress of Working Women, from Japan.
Freud’s translation of Charcot’s lectures into German (1886).
In 1917, in an effort to improve the planning and provision of social services, civic leader Belle Sherwin initiated the merger of the Federation with the Welfare Council, an organization formed three years earlier to assist the city welfare department and serve as a clearinghouse for surveys and other social service activities. The new Welfare Federation of Cleveland and its role in, and capacity for, health and social planning became an example to communities across the country.