After some years of practice, she returned to Smith College for training as psychiatric social worker. Although attracted to the thinking of Freud, Reynolds wasn’t happy with the development within social work that pathologized every problem, turning it into an individual issue, a personal problem. She saw more benefit in structural and institutional approaches combined with care for the individual. As such, she can be seen as one of the forerunners of what later became radical social work.
Florence Thompson with three of her children in a photograph known as “Migrant Mother.”
Saul Rozenzweig introduced the hypothesis that effect of therapy should not be attributed to the specifics of a certain method, but to what all had in common, the so-called ‘common factors’.
The NI Executive’s Inquiry and Investigation into historical institutional abuse will examine if there were systemic failings by institutions or the state in their duties towards those children in their care between the years of 1922-1995.
When West Germany “met” The Beatles, that encounter both resembled Beatlemania elsewhere and was inflected by specifically German contexts such as the Cold War division into East and West, the Nazi past, and the Economic Miracle.
As infamous as the Asylums themselves, the Padded Cell was an essential piece of equipment within the wards. They were a special room and it was not intended that patients were housed in them for long periods of time; it was used so that patients did not harm themselves when suffering from an epileptic or psychotic episode. Suicidal and violent patients were also placed within them.
Sir William Beveridge in 1943, when he was in Ottawa to testify before the House of Commons Special Committee on Social Security, which was planning for the future of Canadians after the Second World War.
In the nineteenth century, French scientific institutions became interested in young “mental calculators,” arithmetical prodigies able to quickly and accurately perform complex mental calculations. The first scientists to study mental calculators were phrenologists who sought to prove the existence of a calculating organ in the frontal lobe.
King contributed to the development of the federal government’s role in social welfare by introducing old-age pensions in 1927, unemployment insurance in 1940, family allowance in 1944 and proposals for health insurance in the 1940s.
Lenox Hill Neighborhood House was founded in 1894 by the Alumnae Association of Normal College (now known as Hunter College of the City University of New York) as a free kindergarten for the children of indigent immigrants. Since then, we have remained at the forefront of community advocacy and social and educational change. We have long been a center of community leadership in addressing such issues as affordable housing, poor working conditions, health care, hunger, early childhood education, poverty, unemployment, homelessness, juvenile delinquency, crime prevention and long-term care for older adults.
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This picture shows one of his inventions, known as the “Tranquilizer,” which was designed to “keep the maniacs in the inflammatory stage of their disease in a perpendicular position so as to save the head from the impetus of the blood as much as possible.”
William James is the name that comes to mind when asked about scientific explanations of emotion in the nineteenth century. However, strictly speaking James’s theory of emotion does not explain emotions and never did.
The development of women’s refuges in Victoria, Australia emerged within the context of emergency accommodation for women being the province of charity-based organisations, whose interventions into women’s lives were often disempowering and autocratic.
These intense interactions in the central deserts show us how Aboriginal thinking could make whites think again about themselves—and forget, for a moment, that many of their research subjects were starving.
Despite the nationwide ‘feminization of machinery’ in the Soviet Union during the war years, German women deportees were denied access to skilled employment out of a mixture of gender stereotypes and fear of treason.